Audio File:National annetherlnetherlands ands them netherlands netherlands of the Nethernetherlands landsHead Of Government:Prime Minister: Mark RutteCapital:AmsterdamPopulation:(2021 est.) 17,523,000Currency Exchange Rate:1 USD equals zero.842 euroSeat Of Government:netherlands The Hague
Netherlands,usa located in northwestern Europe, additionally known as Holland. “Netherlands” manner low-lying us of a; the name Holland (from Houtland, or “Wooded Land”) changed into initially given to one of the medieval cores of what later have become the modern state and continues to be used for 2 of its 12 provinces (Noord-Holland and Zuid-Holland). A parliamentary democracy underneath a constitutional monarch, the kingdom consists of its former colonies within the Lesser Antilles: Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten. The capital is Amsterdam and the seat of government The Hague.
Explore Holland’s population, waterways, and enormous tulip netherlands cross-breeding and cultivation program
Learn about the geography, agriculture, and commerce of The Netherlands.Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.See all motion pictures for this newsletter
The u . s . a . is certainly low-mendacity and remarkably flat, with massive expanses of lakes, rivers, and canals. Some 2,500 rectangular miles (6,500 rectangular km) of the Netherlands include reclaimed land, the end result of a method of cautious water control relationship again to medieval instances. Along the coasts, land was reclaimed from the sea, and, within the interior, lakes and marshes have been tired, specifically alongside the numerous rivers. All this new land became was polders, typically surrounded by way of dikes. Initially, guy strength and horsepower were used to drain the land, but they were later replaced through windmills, along with the mill community at netherlands Kinderdijk-Elshout, now a UNESCO World Heritage web site. The largest water-manipulate schemes had been accomplished within the second half of the nineteenth century and inside the twentieth century, whilst steam pumps and, later, electric or diesel pumps got here into use.
Which Country Is Larger By Population? Quiz
This quiz netherlands will show youcountries. Identify the one with the bigger populace. This quiz is based on Britannica’s listing of the arena’s populations, so overview that before you start.
Explore Amsterdam’s numerous canals, canal homes, the city center, the Droog layout collective, and the city’s museum district with the long-lasting Museum Van Loon
Overview of Amsterdam.Contunico © ZDF Enterprises GmbH, MainzSee all movies for this article
Despite government-recommended emigration after World War II, which caused a few 500,000 people to leave the u . s ., the Netherlands is these days one of the world’s netherlands most densely populated countries. Although the populace as a whole is “graying” unexpectedly, with a high percentage over age netherlands 65, Amsterdam has remained one of the livenetherlands liest centres of global kids culture. There, perhaps extra than anywhere else inside the country, the Dutch tradition of social tolerance is conveniently encountered. Prostitution, “tender-drug” (marijuana and cannabis) use, and euthanasia are all legal however cautiously regulated inside the Netherlands, which was additionally the first country to legalize equal-intercourse marriage.
This relative independence of outlook changed into obvious as early because the 16th and seventeenth centuries, while the Dutch rejected monarchical controls and took a fairly enlightened view of different cultures, specifically after they brought wealth and capital to the u . s . a .’s trading centres. In that length Dutch merchant ships sailed the arena and helped lay the foundations of a first rate trading us of a characterized by using a lively spirit of business enterprise. In later centuries, the Netherlands persisted to have one of the most superior economies within the international, regardless of the us of a’s modest size. The Dutch economy is open and generally internationalist in outlook. With Belgium and Luxembourg, the Netherlands is a member of the Benelux financial union, which within the 1950s and Nineteen Sixties served as a model for the bigger European Economic Community (EEC; now embedded within the European Union [EU]), of which the Benelux countries are individuals. The Netherlands is likewise a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and it plays host to a number of worldwide agencies, especially within the criminal zone, together with the International Court of Justice.
Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain get right of entry to to one of a kind content material.Subscribe Now
The Dutch recognition for tolerance was tested in the overdue 20th and early twenty first centuries, whilst an boom in immigration from non-European Union nations and a populist flip in politics ended in developing nationalism or even xenophobia, marked by means of two race-associated political assassinations, in 2002 and 2004, and the government’s requirement that immigrants skip an high-priced ‘‘integration’’ check earlier than they enter the u . s ..Land Relief
The Netherlands is bounded with the aid of the North Sea to the north and west, Germany to the east, and Belgium to the south. If the Netherlands have been to lose the protection of its dunes and dikes, the most densely populated a part of the usa would be inundated (largely by means of the ocean but also in component by means of the rivers). This noticeably advanced part of the Netherlands, which normally does no longer lie higher than approximately 3 feet (one metre) above sea stage, covers extra than half the total place of the u . s . a .. About 1/2 of this area (more than one-fourth of the overall vicinity of the u . s . a .) definitely lies beneath sea degree.
The lower location consists specifically of polders, in which the panorama now not handiest lies at a very low elevation but is also very flat in look. On such land, building is feasible simplest on “rafts,” or after concrete piles, occasionally so long as 65 toes (20 metres), had been driven into the silt layer.
In the opposite, higher vicinity, the layers of sand and gravel within the japanese a part of the usa had been driven sideways and upward in a few locations by using ice tongues of the Saale Glacial Stage, forming elongated ridges that may attain a top of more than 330 ft (a hundred metres) and are the essential characteristic of the Hoge Park Veluwe National Park. The most effective part of the us of a wherein elevations exceed 350 ft (one hundred and five metres) is the border sector of the Ardennes. The Netherlands’ highest factor, the Vaalserberg, in the acute southeastern nook, rises to at least one,053 toes (321 metres). Drainage and dikes
The netherlands Zuiderzee became at the start an estuary of the Rhine River. By natural motion it netherlands then became a shallow inland sea, biting deep into the land, and finally it become hollowed into an almost round shape by using the motion of winds and tides. In 1920 work changed into begun at the Zuiderzee assignment, of which the IJsselmeer Dam (Afsluitdijk), began in 1927, become a element. This 19-mile- (30-km-) long dam become completed in 1932 to eventually seal off the Zuiderzee from the Waddenzee and the North Sea. In the IJsselmeer, or IJssel Lake, fashioned from the southern part of the Zuiderzee, 4 big polders, the IJsselmeer Polders, with a complete vicinity of approximately 650 square miles (1,700 square km), were constructed round a freshwater basin fed by means of the IJssel and other rivers and connected with the sea with the aid of sluices and locks within the barrier dam.
The first two polders created there—Wieringermeer and North East (Noordoost) Polder, drained before and in the course of World War II—are used basically for agriculture. The two polders reclaimed within the Fifties and ’60s—South Flevoland Polder (Zuidelijk) and East Flevoland Polder (Oostelijk)—are used for residential, commercial, and recreational functions. Among the towns which have advanced there are Lelystad and Almere.
Learn how the Netherlands combatted growing sea ranges and flooding failures with the Delta Works mission
Flood manage inside the Netherlands.Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.See all motion pictures for this article